What is an Autoimmune Disease? Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

What is an Autoimmune Disease? Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Autoimmune Disease Treatment

The immune system works as a shield guarding against germ-actions, viruses, and bacteria. Acknowledging any foreign invader, it rolls out an army of warrior cells to outline the attack. However, sometimes this immune system mistakenly attacks the body with a condition known as an autoimmune disease.

Some autoimmune specialists in Pune state that the immune system can recognize the difference between the body cells and foreign cells. But, due to certain aspects, it mistakes body parts like joints, skin, etc. as foreign. This immune system releases autoantibodies – proteins that have the potential to attack and also damage healthy cells.   


Detailed insights and diagnosis concerning autoimmune diseases is not an easy task even for a renowned autoimmunity doctor in Pune. On the other hand, there are various theories that point out to an overactive immune system that attacks the body after a severe injury or infection. From an array of causes, some of the major causes that trigger the chances of developing autoimmune disorders include:

Genetics – Certain autoimmune diseases tend to run in generations. A relative who has this disease can increase the risk but there isn’t any surety of development of the same in the other relative. 

Weight – This can be one of the major reasons for calling in autoimmune disorders. The autoimmune specialists in Pune always suggest their patients maintain an ideal weight as being overweight puts huge stress on the joints. This increase in stress can prominently result in inflammation and attack body cells. 

Addiction – Smoking and drinking alcohol can highly impact the immune system and lead to various autoimmune diseases causing severe inflammation.  

Medications – People should always talk to the doctor as certain BP antibiotics, medications, etc. are potent enough to trigger various autoimmune diseases and muscle weakness.


There are a plethora of autoimmune diseases diagnosed by autoimmunity doctor in Pune out of which many share similar symptoms. Some of the common symptoms of autoimmune disorders are as follows:

  • Swollen glands
  • Skin problems
  • Fatigue
  • Recurring fever
  • Joint pain & swelling
  • Abdominal pain & digestion-related issues


Although, there is no single test to diagnose autoimmune disorders. There are certain symptoms in combination with blood markers that highlight their impact. Some instances have also seen a tissue biopsy.

Besides, symptoms arise from common conditions but need immediate action when notified with new symptoms in relation to the same which makes the autoimmune disease treatment more difficult. 

Observing symptoms closely and executing a plan-of-action can successfully rule out these diseases. As such, when one suddenly feels fatigued or stiffness in joint, there’s a need to consult an autoimmunity doctor in Pune.   

Diagnosis and Treatment of such diseases can successfully control the overactive immune response. It can efficaciously bring down inflammation thereby, decrease and relieve the level of pain inflammation, fatigue, swelling, rashes, etc.

Apart from all this, following a well-balanced diet and exercising on a regular basis can also pull in better results and mitigate the risks associated with these diseases.