What is an autoimmune disease?

What is an autoimmune disease?

Autoimmune Diseases.

The autoimmune disease is a disease that happens to you when the immune system attacks your body. We all know that the immune system protects our body from all kinds of viruses and bacteria. The immune system can identify the difference between your body cell and the foreign cell that attacks our body. This immune system releases the protein and it is called the autoantibodies. According to an autoimmune disease doctor, it has been noted that each autoimmune disease is different from the other and therefore each disease targets one organ at a time.

Symptoms of the autoimmune disease

Each autoimmune disease has a different kind of symptoms and some of them are:

Swelling and redness on the skin

The individual will face problem in concentrating

Tremendous hair fall

The infected person will have rashes all over their skin

Fatigue with a low fever                    

Different types of Autoimmune Diseases and their treatments:

1. Diabetes           

This is a type of disease the pancreas releases hormone insulin. The hormone insulin helps to control the blood sugar level. Type 1 diabetes in which the insulin-producing cell gets destroyed by the immune system. It has been seen that high blood sugar can lead to damage in the blood vessels, kidney, eyes, heart, and nerves.

Treatment: As per medication history there is no cure for Type 1 diabetes. The individual needs to be careful and follow the medication and they also need to change their way of lifestyle.

2. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

In Rheumatoid Arthritis, the immune system accidentally attacks the joints in the body. That leads to redness, soreness, and stiffness in the joints. This disease is noticed in the individual as early as 30 years. 

Treatment: There is no proper treatment to cure Rheumatoid Arthritis but with advance medication, the treatment can slow down the joint damage. The inflammation and pain are controlled by proper medication.

3. Psoriasis arthritis or psoriatic arthritis

In normal procedure, our skin sheds from our body after a certain time and then again new lively skin cells grow. In this Psoriasis arthritis or psoriatic arthritis, our skin rapidly grows and thus it causes red marks on the skin and the inflamed area is painful.

Treatment: The disease is not fully cured but with medication, it can be controlled. The drug can relieve pain and the inflammation is reduced with time. There are some side effects of the medication so you must consult an autoimmunity doctor in Pune before taking any drugs.

4. Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that can damage the Myelin Sheath. This Sheath forms a coating and helps to protect the cells which are present in the Nervous System. This can lead too slowly down in the message transmission between the brain and the spinal cord. You can feel weak, trouble during walk and numbness.

Treatment: The treatment can lead to speedy regaining from the attack of the disease and slow down the progress of the disease.


In simple language, it can be said that autoimmune disease is related to a breakdown of the immune system that leads to damage of all essential organs or tissue. This body's immune system is quite complicated and it helps to fight against all foreign bodies.